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American Medical Association


Foodborne Illness Table: Bacterial Agents


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vibrio vulnificus infections associated with raw oyster consumption - Florida, 1981-1992. MMWR. 1993:42(21); 405-407.

Vibrio vulnificus After a Disaster 

Management of Vibrio vulnificus Wound Infections After a Disaster 


Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference (ISSC)

Faxable Order Form for Physician and Patient Education Materials


Educational Resources for Physicians from ISSC

Review of Pathogenic Vibrio Infections for Clinicians (2000 N.A. Daniels and A. Shafaie)

Vibrio vulnificus Fact Sheet for Health Care Providers

Vibrio vulnificus Hazard in Patients with Liver Disease (1994 K. W. Kizer)

Patient Education Materials from ISSC 

The Risk of Eating Raw Molluscan Shellfish Containing Vibrio vulnificus (English)

The Risk of Eating Raw Molluscan Shellfish Containing Vibrio vulnificus (Spanish)

Vibrio vulnificus and Diabetes

Vibrio vulnificus and Liver Disease

Vibrio vulnificus (For wider audience of immunocompromised individuals)

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Bad Bug Book (Full version | Vibrio excerpt)

University of California Food Safe Program

"Fifty Ways to Eat Your Oysters" amusing food safety education song and lyrics by Carl K. Winter, Ph.D. (University of California Cooperative Extension Food Toxicology Specialist) 

University of Georgia

Stivers TL. Diagnosing and Treating Deadly Vibrio vulnficus Infection ) *J Emerg Nurs 2008;34(2):139-41.

Stivers TL. The risk of deadly Vibrio infection in gastroenterology patients. Practical Gastroenterology J 2009;33(5);37-43 .

Additional References

Andrews, L.S. 2004. Strategies to control Vibrios in molluscan shellfish. Food Protection Trends 24(2): 70-76.

Bross MH, Soch K, Morales R, Mitchell RB. Vibrio vulnificus infection: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2007;76:539-44,546. 

Smith, J.L. 2003. The role of gastric acid in preventing foodborne disease and how bacteria overcome acid conditions. Journal of Food Protection 66(7):1292-1303.

Weinberg, E.D. 2000. Microbial pathogens with impaired ability to acquire host iron. BioMetals 13(1):85-89.

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Page last updated: October 9, 2017

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